A Guide to Clear Microsoft Azure Fundamentals AZ-900 Exam

If you’re setting your sights on a Microsoft Azure certification, starting with the Microsoft Azure Fundamentals AZ-900 exam is a wise choice. This certification is not just a test; it’s a badge of fundamental understanding in the cloud services realm, particularly those offered by Microsoft Azure. Whether you’re a beginner or a seasoned professional, the AZ-900 exam is a crucial milestone on your cloud journey. Let’s dive into a comprehensive guide to help you ace this exam.

Understanding the AZ-900 Exam

The AZ-900: Microsoft Azure Fundamentals exam is designed to validate your foundational knowledge in cloud concepts, core Azure services, security, privacy, pricing, and support. This exam is ideal for those who are new to cloud computing or Azure. It tests your understanding of cloud concepts and Azure services at a basic level.

Exam Format:

  • Duration: 85 minutes
  • Question Types: Multiple choice, multiple response, and true/false
  • Number of Questions: 40-60

The exam is not just about memorizing Azure services; it’s about understanding how and when to use them effectively.

Key Topics Covered in the AZ-900 Exam

The Microsoft Azure Fundamentals AZ-900 exam is a gateway to understanding the breadth of services and capabilities offered by Microsoft Azure. This exam is structured to ensure that you have a foundational understanding of the cloud services landscape, particularly how they are provided through Azure. Let’s break down the key topics you’ll encounter in the AZ-900 exam:

1. Cloud Concepts (20-25%)

This section focuses on the fundamentals of cloud computing. It’s not just about knowing what the cloud is, but understanding how it differs from traditional on-premises computing. You’ll explore the benefits of cloud computing, such as high availability, scalability, elasticity, agility, and disaster recovery. It also covers different cloud models, including Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS), Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS), and Software-as-a-Service (SaaS), explaining how these models differ and the scenarios in which they are best utilized.

2. Core Azure Services (15-20%)

Here, you dive into the core services that Azure offers. This includes a detailed look at Azure’s architectural components like Regions, Availability Zones, and Resource Groups. You’ll learn about various Azure compute resources such as Azure Virtual Machines, Azure App Services, and Azure Functions, and when to use each. This part also covers networking components like Azure Virtual Network and Azure DNS, along with storage options such as Blob Storage, File Storage, and Disk Storage. A fundamental understanding of these services is crucial as they form the building blocks of any Azure-based solution.

3. Security, Privacy, Compliance, and Trust (25-30%)

Security is paramount in cloud computing, and this section ensures you understand Azure’s security tools and features. It covers topics like Azure Security Center, Azure Identity Services including Azure Active Directory, and Azure’s governance features. You’ll also learn about privacy and compliance standards in Azure, understanding how data is protected and how Azure adheres to global compliance standards, which is vital for businesses operating in various regions and industries.

4. Azure Pricing and Support (25-30%)

This part is all about managing and planning for Azure costs. You’ll explore Azure subscriptions, the factors that influence cost, and tools like the Azure Pricing Calculator and Azure Cost Management. Understanding how to estimate and control costs is essential for efficiently managing Azure resources. Additionally, this section covers the support options available in Azure, detailing the different support plans and services, which is crucial for resolving issues and maintaining smooth operations.

In summary, the AZ-900 exam covers a broad range of topics, each essential to building a foundational understanding of Microsoft Azure. From the basics of cloud computing and Azure’s core services to the intricacies of security, compliance, and cost management, this exam lays the groundwork for further exploration and specialization in the diverse world of Azure cloud services.

Study Tips and Strategies for AZ-900 Exam

Creating a structured study plan is crucial. Break down the syllabus into manageable sections and set realistic goals. Here are some tips:

  • Understand, Don’t Memorize: Focus on understanding the concepts rather than rote memorization.
  • Use Microsoft’s Learning Paths: Microsoft offers free learning paths tailored for the AZ-900 exam.
  • Regular Revision: Regularly revisit the topics to ensure the concepts are clear and well understood.

Resources and Materials for Preparation

The right study materials can make a significant difference:

  • Microsoft Documentation: It’s comprehensive and updated regularly.
  • Online Courses: Platforms like Udemy, Coursera, and Pluralsight offer courses specifically for the AZ-900 exam.
  • Practice Tests: They help you get familiar with the exam format and time management.

Hands-on experience is invaluable. Use the Azure free account to explore and understand the services practically.

Taking Practice Exams and Assessing Readiness

Practice exams are a mirror reflecting your readiness for the actual test. They help you:

  • Identify Weak Areas: Focus more on topics where your performance is lacking.
  • Get Comfortable with the Format: Familiarize yourself with the exam style and time constraints.
A few steps to follow-

On the Day of the Exam: What to Expect

On exam day, be prepared and relaxed. Keep these tips in mind:

  • Time Management: Allocate your time wisely among all questions.
  • Read Questions Carefully: Ensure you understand what is being asked before answering.

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After the AZ-900 Exam: Next Steps

Passing the AZ-900 exam is just the beginning:

  • Understand Your Score: Analyze your performance to understand your strengths and weaknesses.
  • Plan Your Next Steps: Consider pursuing more advanced Azure certifications or applying your knowledge in practical scenarios.


In conclusion, clearing the Microsoft Azure Fundamentals AZ-900 exam is a vital step in your cloud computing journey. With dedicated study, practical experience, and the right mindset, you’re well on your way to becoming an Azure expert. This certification is more than just a feather in your cap; it’s a foundational block in your growing expertise in the ever-evolving cloud technology landscape.

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