What is Interpersonal Communication: Meaning, Types, Elements and More

Email, texting, and social media, as well as other forms of electronic communication, have all changed how people talk to each other in a big way. Effective interpersonal communication is the key to having good relationships at work and home. Without a doubt, this blog is all about interpersonal communication. Here, you will learn about interpersonal communication, how it works, its types, and much more. 

First, let’s understand interpersonal communication in brief.

What is Interpersonal Communication?

“Interpersonal communication” is the process of sharing thoughts, feelings, and facts with other people. This dynamic and complicated process depends a lot on things like body language, tone of voice, and facial expressions, as well as what people say and how they say it. 

Interpersonal communication includes:

  • Talking to someone face-to-face.
  • Calling them.
  • Sending them an email.
  • Sending them a text message.
  • To communicate well with others, you need to listen actively, understand their thoughts and feelings, and undoubtedly talk to them.
  • Interpersonal interactions are affected by personality and communication styles, as well as by cultural values and expectations.
Interpersonal Communication

Interpersonal communication that works well leads to-

  • strong relationships
  • less conflict
  • more job satisfaction
  • better teamwork
  • more persuasion and negotiation
  • less stress
  • and more accomplishments, among other things.

Next, let’s discover the types of interpersonal communication.

Types of Interpersonal Communication

It’s important to understand the social and cultural context of communication in order to develop good verbal, nonverbal, and written communication skills for dealing with other people. Interpersonal communication comes in many forms, and each has its own goals and situations where it works best. Building and keeping relationships requires understanding the different kinds and the skill to use that knowledge.

Following are the different types of interpersonal communication-

Verbal communication

People use verbal communication to interact with each other normally. Direct and indirect communication are two types of verbal communication.

Nonverbal communication

Nonverbal communication includes body language, facial expressions, and eye contact, which all show meaning and emotion.

Written communication

In this type of communication, messages are sent by writing them down. Letters, emails, and texts are all types of written communication.

Interpersonal relationships

Here are the relationships in which two people regularly share information and help each other.

Public speaking 

Public speaking is when you give a speech or presentation in front of a group.

Mass communication

Mass communication addresses the masses through various mediums like TV, radio, newspaper, social media, etc.

Moving forward, let’s explore the different elements involved in interpersonal communication.

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Elements Involved in Interpersonal Communication

Interpersonal Communication elements are the most important parts of how people talk to each other.

Here are some of the most essential elements of communicating with other people:


A message is the main part of the communication process. It involves what the person wants to tell or convey.


The sender is the person who wrote the message and is responsible for getting it to the right person.


 A “receiver” is someone who gets the message you send.


Contextual factors include the time, place, and people who will hear your message.

Channel of interpersonal communication

The channel is how the message is sent, whether in person, over the phone, or in writing.


 “Feedback” is a verbal or nonverbal confirmation that the message was heard and understood.

Interpersonal relationship

Messages can be sent and received differently depending on how the sender and receiver get along.


Noise is any interference or disturbance in a communication system that can make it hard to get the message across or cause it to be misread.

Lastly, let’s understand the importance of interpersonal communication

Importance of Interpersonal Communication

Effective communication with others is a “soft skill” many employers value. Indeed, when people can tell others what they think and feel, they can better understand what they are going through.

Moreover, recruiters like team players and group leaders who are good at communicating with each other.

Without a doubt, communicating your thoughts and feelings to others in a clear way is a huge asset in both your personal and professional life.

Also, many disagreements start with simple misunderstandings. When people talk to each other well, they are less likely to misunderstand each other. Hence, it results in conflicts, hurt feelings, grudges, and morale problems.


Understanding the basics of Interpersonal Communication is essential for effective communication. These include how important it is to be clear and brief and how important it is to listen actively, have empathy, and work together. Learning about the seven elements that make up Interpersonal Communication (the sender, the receiver, the channel, the context, feedback, noise, and the relationship between the two) can also help you improve your communication and relationship skills.

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